Common Fish Species For Freshwater Lure Fishing

Common Fish Species For Freshwater Lure Fishing

No matter freshwater or saltwater lure fishing use the artificial fishing bait to attract the fish. So the object fish usually are the carnivorous and aggressive fish species. We listed some freshwater fish species below, not fully, let's learn them together.

Bass: is a name shared by many species of fish. We think it is the most popular lure fishing fish in the world.

  • Largemouth Bass: also called widemouth bass, bigmouth bass, black bass, is an olive-green fish. Original from US. It feeds on small bait fish, scuds, small shrimp, and insects.

largemouth bass

  • Smallmouth Bass: is generally brown, it is a popular game fish sought by anglers throughout the temperate zones of North America. The smallmouth bass is found in clearer water than the largemouth, especially streams, rivers, and the rocky areas and stumps and also sandy bottoms of lakes and reservoirs. 

smallmouth bass

  • White Bass: main color is silver-white to pale green, distributed widely across the United States, particularly in the Midwest.
  • Yellow Bass: the back of the fish is usually a dark olive green, and the abdomen and sides are often a silvery yellow.
  • Rock Bass: they are similar in appearance to smallmouth bass, but are usually quite a bit smaller with red eyes.

Lures suit for bass: there is no must use lures to catch bass, usually you can use plastic worms, popper, jigs, crankbaits, and spinnerbaits. But if you'd like can try other lures like buzzbaits, maybe you will have surprised. This is why we like lure fishing!

Sunfish: include many fish familiar to North Americans, including the rock bass, bluegill, pumpkinseed, and crappies. All are native only to North America.

  • Bluegill: sometime called bream, the bluegill is noted for the black spot that it has on the posterior edge of the gills and base of the dorsal fin. The sides of its head and chin are a dark shade of blue. It is native to North America and lives in streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds. It is commonly found east of the Rockies. 


  • Crappie: the currently recognized species are white crappie and black crappie. Are highly regarded pan fish and are often considered to be among the best-tasting freshwater fish.


Lures suit for sunfish: to catch bluegill and crappie you may choose spoons lure, minnows, spinnerbaits, plastic worms with jig head.

Carp: a very large group of fish native to Europe and Asia. With high sporting quality, it is also in US now.

  • Common Carp: is native to Europe and Asia, and has been introduced to every part of the world except the poles. Feed on water plants and insects, crawfish, and benthic worms.

Common Carp

  • Grass Carp: have elongated, chubby, torpedo-shaped body forms. Have been introduced to many countries around the world.

Lures suit for carp: to catch carp you may use soft plastic lures, VIB, small jigs. Carp are not that easy to catch. Remember it is illegal to take Grass Carp from Florida waters.

Catfish: also a large group of the fish, have one of the greatest ranges in size within a single order of bony fish.

  • Blue Catfish: is the largest species of North American catfish. With heavy bodied, blue-ish gray in color, and have a dorsal hump.

Blue Catfish

  • Channel Catfish: is North America's most numerous catfish species. Channel catfish possess very keen senses of smell and taste.
  • Flathead Catfish: inhabiting deep pools, lakes, and large, slow-moving rivers. It also a popular gamefish.

Lures suit for catfish: to catch catfish you can use spinners, jigs, soft-plastics, crawfish.

Perch: are popular sport fish species. They are known to put up a fight, and to be good eating.

  • Walleye: are largely olive and gold in color, the mouth of a walleye is large and is armed with many sharp teeth. 


  • Yellow Perch: has a yellow to brass-colored body and distinct pattern, consisting of five to nine olive-green, vertical bars, triangular in shape, on each side.

Lures suit for perch: top 5 lures baits for perch and walleye are worms, jigs, minnows, crayfish, crankbaits some hard baits. Also in winter you can try ice-fishing.

Pike: has many family species and also popular in lure fishing.

  • Northern Pike: as a pike in Britain, Ireland, most of Canada, and most parts of the United States. are most often olive green, shading from yellow to white along the belly.

Northern Pike

  • Muskellunge: also called Muskie. They prefer clear waters where they lurk along weed edges, rock outcrops, or other structures to rest. 


Lures suit for pike: the best lures for northern pike and muskie are spoons, jerkbaits & minnows, spinnerbaits, lipless crankbaits.

Salmon: salmon are anadromous: they are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean, then return to fresh water to reproduce. However, populations of several species are restricted to fresh water through their lives. Below are many types of the salmons.

  • Atlantic Salmon
  • Chinook Salmon
  • Chum Salmon
  • Coho Salmon
  • Pink Salmon

Lures suit for salmon: the success lures for salmon are jigging and casting spoons, inline spinnerbaits, pencil, crankbaits and plugs.

Trout: most trout such as lake trout live in freshwater lakes and rivers exclusively, while there are others such as the rainbow trout which as such live out their lives in fresh water, or spend two or three years at sea before returning to fresh water to spawn, being called a steelhead. Below are some types of the trout.

  • Brown Trout
  • Lake Trout
  • Brook Trout
  • Rainbow Trout

Lures suit for trout: to catch trout you may use the lure like worms, minnows, small swimbaits, jigs and softbaits. Also you can try fly fishing.

Bowfin: also called dog fish. The body of the bowfin is elongated and cylindrical, with the sides and back olive to brown in color, often with vertical bars, and dark reticulations, or camouflaged pattern.

Dog Fish

Lures suit for dog fish: the best lures for dogfish are spinnerbaits, crankbaits, spoons and soft plastics, worms or crawfish. Also you can try fly fishing.

Note: All the introduce of the fish species are from Wikipedia, for details please check there.

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